Fraud convictions hit lowest level since 2007 in 2019

The number of convictions secured under the Fraud Act 2006 fell to its lowest since 2007 in 2019, with just one in 700 incidents of fraud resulting in a conviction, Quilter has found.

A Freedom of Information request from the firm found that there were 5,234 convictions for fraud in 2019.

The number of fraud convictions has been steady declining since 2011, when there were 9,095 convictions.

Fraud convictions have fallen by 10 per cent on average year-on-year since 2011, despite the fact that investment fraud recorded by Action Fraud has increased by 48 per cent on average year-on-year since 2016.

Quilter also revealed that, in 2019, 3.7 million incidents of fraud occurred in England and Wales, with only 743,380 being reported to the National Fraud Intelligence Bureau.

Of these, 5,234 convictions were made under the Fraud Act 2006.

The Freedom of Information data also revealed that despite fraud carrying a maximum sentence of 10 years imprisonment and a fine, in 2020 the average custodial sentence secured under the act was just under 20 months and the average fine was £463.

“Over the past few years, we’ve seen a worrying rise in the number of investment frauds reported to Action Fraud,” commented Quilter financial crime prevention expert, Debbie Barton.

“From dubious cryptocurrency and forex trading schemes to non-existent investment bonds, fraud lurks everywhere, particularly online and on social media.
“Yet instead of seeing an uptick in the number of fraud convictions to match the rapid increase in reports to Action Fraud, we’ve seen the opposite. Fraud convictions have dropped off a cliff since 2011 to reach levels not seen since the act was first introduced.
“Investigating fraud is extremely complex, costly and time consuming, hence why hard stretched police forces have had to make the difficult decision to prioritise other crimes. The result of which being that the legal deterrent for committing fraud is practically non-existent. 
“The surging fraud numbers and falling convictions should send alarm bells ringing in the government. What we need is a holistic review of the UK’s fraud landscape to consider why so many fraudsters are slipping through the net, and to consider how authorities can send a strong message that they intend to get a grip on fraud once and for all.
“A good start to protect the public would be for the government to include further fraud typologies in the Online Safety Bill so that technology companies have a legal duty to tackle harm caused on their sites, and have to take up the slack in monitoring the online world for scams.”

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